Lease hold vs Freehold properties

When we talk about investment of our savings there are many options open to us. We have as options, equities, Mutual funds, Debentures, Bonds or financial institutions like banks and real estate. Amongst all these options investment in Real estate is considered to be the safest and most prudential investment because of the returns it fetches. The safety factor is greater as the risk of the investment just crashing or being a total loss is very minimal where as the rewards can be very substantial.

Before the appearance of the pandemic real estate was the fastest growing segment of the Indian economy. The net value of the sector was calculated at 180 billion dollars and it was predicted that the value of the real estate segment in India in the next ten years will be around 1 trillion dollars. This is considered a phenomenal growth and it was also predicted that the share of India’s Real estate market to the GDP of India will be around 17 to 18 percent by the end of the next decade. The reason for this growth is he growth of incomes of the upper middle class segment of the population due to the coming of the Multi National Corporates and the hefty increase in salaries.

The primary step in understanding an Investment in Property of real estate is to understand the type of property it is. Whether it’s a leasehold or Freehold property. What is the difference between the leasehold and freehold? A lease hold is a property in which the holder or true owner of the property has signed over a long term lease in favour of the lessee or the tenant. In the case of government owned property it is the President of India who is acting through the Land and Development Authority of India in granting a long term or permanent lease to the Lessee. The lease hold properties are not freely transferable and the prior permission of the Land and Development Authority is required to transfer the lease to another.

Freehold properties are those properties in which the owner has transferred the full rights to the purchaser by means of a sale deed with total rights to resell or transfer the rights to the property to another purchaser without let and hold. The only condition is that each time the properties rights are transferred the purchaser has to pay stamp duty to the relevant authority for the transfer rights of the property. The records of the ownership can be ascertained from the registrars office of the competent authority. A freehold property is always a better investment as its rights can be sold or mortgaged freely by the current title holder without any interference or hinderance from the previous title holders.

Investors are mostly scared of the authenticity of the title while entering into a transaction. The title in this case means the ownership of the property and there are two terms which are often used with this regards. One is the “ good Title” and the second is the “marketable title”. What is the difference in these two terms. The good title is one that is free from any defects and chances of any legal issues. The marketable title is one which is free from any reasonable doubts in the ownership which will not make the buyer liable for any legal action in the future after the purchase of the property.

In India it is always better to purchase property after the verification of the title of the property and for this purpose the best title is the good title. The Good Title is always a Marketable title but not all marketable titles need be good titles.

There are a few things each buyer should check before buying a property viz:

To check the chain of title deeds with receipts
To get the NOC if property is in a joint name
To be sure that there are no provisions which hinder you from further transferring the property.
To check the power of attorney if the seller is not personally present
To check occupation certficates
To ensure there are no legal proceedings pending against the title.

Comprehensive Guide to the Top Stock Screeners of 2021

What is a Stock Screener?
A stock screener is a vital tool for traders and investors, providing a platform to filter stocks based on user-defined metrics. These screeners access a vast database of company information, including financials from balance sheets, profit and loss statements, quarterly results, cash flow, shareholding patterns, and much more. With over 1200 financial ratios available, users can set precise filters to isolate stocks that meet their investment criteria.

Key Features of Stock Screeners
Extensive Database: Access detailed financial data from numerous listed companies.
Customizable Filters: Set specific criteria based on financial ratios and other key indicators.
User-Friendly Interface: Simplify the process of finding investment-worthy stocks through an intuitive setup.
How to Utilize Stock Screeners Effectively
To maximize the potential of stock screeners, follow these strategic steps:

Select the Right Platform: Begin by choosing a screener that aligns with your investment goals and offers the necessary tools for your trading style.
Define Your Criteria: Specify the variables such as market capitalization, debt levels, revenue growth, etc., to focus your search on stocks that meet these parameters.
Analyze Chart Patterns: Use the screener to identify favorable chart patterns and perform backtesting to ensure reliability.
Set a Time Frame: Align all filters and strategies within the chosen investment period.
Focus on Volume: High-volume stocks typically offer better liquidity, making it easier to enter and exit positions.
Conduct Independent Research: Complement screener results with your own research, including recent news and financial analyses.
Keep a Trading Journal: Document your trades and strategies to refine your approach over time.
Create a Watchlist: Monitor potential stocks and make informed decisions based on real-time market data.
Best Stock Screeners of 2021

Here’s a detailed look at some of the top stock screeners from 2021, each offering unique features to cater to different trading needs:

Finology Ticker
Features: Offers a customizable filter based on over 1200 financial ratios.
User Guide:
Type your query.
Choose from suggestions.
Run the screener.
Analyze the results.
Trade-Ideas
Specialty: AI-driven insights tracking real-time market movements.
Customization: Offers customizable pre-set scans based on technical, fundamental, and social data.
Edelweiss Mobile Trader
Accessibility: User-friendly for both beginners and experienced traders.
Availability: Free on mobile platforms with options for lite and elite plans.
Trendlyne
Focus: Combines technical and fundamental analysis.
Subscription: Offers both free and paid versions, starting at Rs.2150 annually.
TradingView
Integration: Web-based charting and screening with real-time data from global exchanges.
Tools: Features include watchlists, news feeds, and customizable stock scans.
Investing.com
Coverage: Extensive filters covering price, fundamentals, ratios, and more.
Platform: Offers detailed quotes and charts for NSE and BSE listed companies.
Zerodha’s Pi
Versatility: Includes filters for financial ratios, technical indicators, and broker ratings.
Functionality: Allows for real-time scanning during trading hours.
Money Control
Updates: Provides the latest information from both Indian and international markets.
Features: Supports voice-based searches through its mobile app.
Google Finance
Free Access: Offers stock screening tools without charge, with additional in-app purchases.
Features: Includes market trends, real-time quotes, and an earnings calendar.
Investello
Comparative Analysis: Allows for peer comparison and provides daily updates.
User Interface: Features a user-friendly dashboard with normalized figures.
Conclusion

Stock screeners are indispensable tools for modern traders and investors, offering a streamlined approach to market analysis and investment selection. By setting precise criteria, users can efficiently sift through vast amounts of data to find stocks that align with their investment strategies. The best stock screeners of 2021 provide a range of options tailored to different needs, from AI-driven analytics to user-friendly interfaces for beginners.

What are the types of debt mutual funds and their risk classification?

What are the types of debt mutual funds and their risk classification?

Types of Debt funds, Debt funds, types of debt funds, dynamic bond funds, liquid funds

Debt funds are a type of actively managed mutual fund that primarily invests in debt instruments such as Treasury bills (T-bills), Government securities (G-secs), commercial papers (CP), government and corporate bonds, certificates of deposit (CD), and money market instruments.

What are the different types of debt funds in India?

Liquid Funds:
This type of debt fund is considered relatively less risky among mutual funds. As the name suggests, they are liquid and allow investors to redeem and liquidate their investments depending on their needs. The portfolio of this fund comprises instruments that have a short maturity period of not exceeding 91 days.

Dynamic Bond Funds:
Dynamic Bond Fund is where the fund manager dynamically changes the maturity of the portfolio depending upon the interest rate forecast. If the forecast indicates a rising interest rate, then the fund manager may opt for instruments with a longer maturity. If the forecast is indicating a falling interest rate, then the fund manager opt for investments in instruments with a shorter duration of maturity.

Short / Medium / Long Term Debt Funds:
Short-term Funds are a type of debt fund that generally have a maturity period of 1 to 3 years. The portfolio of short-term funds is structured in a way such that their prices are not much impacted by the interest rate movements.

Medium Term debt funds generally have a maturity period of up to 3 to 5 years, and long-term debt funds have a maturity exceeding 5 years. The longer the tenure, the more significant is the impact of the interest rate on the portfolio, which is also known as interest rate risk or duration risk.

Fixed Maturity Plans
This type of debt mutual fund is a closed-ended scheme. However, they can be traded on the stock exchange where they are listed.

Investment in debt mutual funds are generally less volatile than equity mutual funds. However, there are different types of risks in debt funds.

AMFI has very well-articulated the risks present in Debt Securities. Let us take a brief look at the risks prevalent in the debt market instruments.

Interest Rate Risk

The NAV or Net Asset Value of Debt Mutual Funds is inversely related to interest rate movement. Generally, when the interest rates rise, the prices of existing fixed income securities in your debt mutual fund portfolio fall and when interest rates drop, such prices increase. Accordingly, the NAV of the debt mutual fund portfolio may fall if the market interest rate rises and may increase when the market interest rate comes down. The extent of fall or rise in the prices depends upon the duration or maturity of the underlying security.

Credit Risk

Credit risk refers to the risk associated with default on interest and /or principal amounts by issuers of fixed income securities. The credit rating agencies assign a credit rating to fixed income securities and accordingly, in case of a default, the debt mutual fund may not fully receive the amount due to them and the NAV of the scheme may fall to the extent of default. The price of a security may change with expected changes in the credit rating of the issuer, even when there is no default. It may be mentioned here corporate bonds may carry a relatively higher amount of credit risk than government securities. Within corporate bonds too there are different levels of safety.

Liquidity Risk

Liquidity risk refers to the ease of selling debt instruments at or near their valuation yield-to-maturity (YTM) or true value. Liquidity condition in the market varies from time to time and accordingly, the liquidity of a bond may change, depending on market conditions

Assess the illiquidity of the underlying securities of the debt mutual fund portfolio. At the time of selling the security, the security may become illiquid, thereby leading to a loss in the value of the portfolio.

Debt funds are suitable for investors having a lower appetite for risk. Be cognizant of the underlying risk in the portfolio before you invest.

Why are all in search of diversity and inclusion speakers?

Interested parties talk about ideas of satisfaction, even if they have more disasters and defeats by default by using self-control, responsibility, time, determination and the development of the dreams described legally. Whether you limit or not the annual administration, public meetings, and open exposures or the different places of the behavior of the project, you need some professional speakers. The use of diversity speakers in the workplace to train the staff of your company is a great thing at this time. Such speakers have a lot of work experience with very diverse background groups. In addition, a speaker of an ethnic fund could relate the experiences of a visible point of view of the minority to corporate audiences.

Each professional speaker will indicate that one of the most important rules speak is to discover their audience. In fact, the main belief, the practice of advice, and, in general, the main estimated trade association has achieved enthusiasm and the purpose of creating workplaces. Our diversity and inclusion speakers work near one another with the Council of Persons to guarantee that worldwide techniques are completely settled upon with combination and different reasonable procedures.

For most speakers, this means the preparation hours by investigating the companies or organizations that will present their material. The speaker knows that when reading commercial publications, internal bulletins, and promotional material, they will learn the jargon, which is the language of the company. Endure a few associations and comprehend good union to oversee more noteworthy business systems for offshoots.

Our top motivational speakers, acknowledgeable of the best knowledge
Our top motivational speakers work for customers those who are fallen in bad habits. All speakers are coordinated in a unique way, preparing and establishing solid objectives for field control. Motivational speakers can help mobilize the spirit of the team, productivity, and the spirit of achievement, and the enthusiasm to work with their employees who might not be possible with regular management interventions. The following describes what motivational speakers and related benefits they can bring to any company or organization.

Motivational speakers are those who earn a living by giving paid speeches to various groups. These speeches are usually about producing more money, having a better future, or achieving sports. You can find professional motivational speakers that work at conferences, trade shows, and universities. Our speakers use our personality to convey their messages using humor, while others reach their audience in a more direct and serious way. Many speakers become famous, and the best can be a millionaire from their trading plying.

Sports are only an approach to create confidence and shape or arrangement to be viable. Our sports motivational speakers work for motivators about sports culture and the strategy of use. Over the years, it seems that “sports icon retirement plans” include talking motivation.

Our sports motivational speakers are star players who use court, fields, arena, or grass, such as their stage. Most athletic stars have done some form of public speaking during their careers. The preacher understanding expanded from the enlistment of crafted by opportunity that had been shaped, which was changed during the most noteworthy work, the public guidelines for youngsters in the center.

What You Need to Know About the Housing Market

The main things that you should know include:

1. Housing Supply Statistics
There are instances whereby the demand is high, but the supply is low. On the other hand, the home sales would rise. As long as there are no building restrictions, the supply will rise eventually. Ensure you are up to date with such statistics by keeping track of the housing news. The low-interest rates have also led to an increase in the demand for houses.

2. The Price Usually Makes or Breaks the Deal
As you acquire a home, some of the major factors to consider include the price. It is advisable to acquire a home when there is a buyer’s market, which means the market favors the buyer. As per the housing news, in the past two years, the market has favored the sellers considering there is a huge demand, yet the supply is low. The low mortgage interest rates also play a crucial role since they allow many people to acquire homes easily.

When each of these factors s combined, the seller market becomes stronger, and the real estate prices are high. The average price for a home in 2020 was $320,000. The prices would vary depending on factors such as location. Nevertheless, the entire U.S. is a seller’s market at the moment. Depending on your budget, you can consider waiting for signs that the house prices are about to go down.

3. Timing and Location Matters
In real estate, one of the major factors to consider includes the location of the property. The only issue is that you cannot change the location once you have made an acquisition. The location of a house will have a direct impact on its value. Additionally, you should keep in mind that a home depreciates with time; however, the value of the land will rise. Before you consider the type of home you want, first determine the most suitable location.

If you want your investment to bring about more value, you should acquire a home in one of the upcoming neighborhoods. The main issue is that it will cost a significant sum of money to acquire a home in an already established neighborhood.

You should study the neighborhood trends to get a good idea of whether the neighborhood is worth the investment depending on the location. Focus on the crime statistics, amenities, population, school ratings, and employment figures. If you notice the area is improving gradually, it is worth it, and you can conduct further research.

4. How the Pandemic Has Affected Employment
You should focus on the employment trends of the areas you are interested in before committing your hard-earned money. If there are more jobs in a specific locality, that is a good sign since unemployment is not attractive. With the COVID-19 pandemic disrupting the economy, the number of unemployed people has risen significantly, as per housing news. Some people lost their jobs, whereas others maintained the unemployment status. There is a lot of uncertainty in the job market, and you should consider such factors before acquiring property.

5. Where You Should Buy Property in 2021
Investors in the real estate market usually acquire property in some of the largest markets. After the COVID-19 pandemic is contained, there is a likelihood the market would shift away from the city centers to the rural areas and suburbs. Since most people have noticed working from home is possible, they prefer a home with more space and affordable. Such individuals are currently on the lookout for spacious homes regardless of the location, considering working from home is the norm currently.

The Bottom Line
Despite being ready to invest in the real estate sector, factors such as timing matter. The real estate sector guarantees significant profit margins; however, you should take time, study the market, and understand the best time to make an acquisition, and stand a better chance of making more money in profit margins.

How do I Start investing in Mutual Funds Online?

The Internet of things has touched every corner of our lives. In food & beverage it has given us access to a variety of options by sitting in the comfort of our homes, in telemedicine it has encouraged doctors to perform surgeries and consult patients remotely, in communication it has made our lives way easier by almost putting the entire world in our hands, in banking & finance, it has made our lives a lot easier by doing away with brick & motor setup and replacing it with the click of a button. While IOT has touched and changed almost everything in our daily lives, investment also has leveraged its convenience and simplicity. What used to take a lot of time in filling up forms and attaching id proofs has now been replaced with a few easier steps & clicks.

One can find a variety of options when it comes to investing in mutual funds online. You can do it online via your banks, or log on to the mutual fund website, you can do it via Demat account via RIA’s (Registered Investment Advisor), etc. There are plenty of options available, but what you should be careful about is the plan you are selecting while investing online is direct or regular.

Regular Plan

The commission to the distributor is added in the Regular Plan TER or the total expense ratio. Thus, the NAV of regular plan is also slightly higher than direct plan and the units you get are slightly lesser than what you could have got in a direct plan. Even when you invest via a Bank or via your DEMAT account, you are investing in a regular plan attracting a higher expense ratio compared to a direct plan.

Direct Plan

When you log on to an AMC’s website and you choose to invest in mutual funds online directly or through an RIA , you are investing in a direct plan. When you choose to invest in a direct plan online, the TER or the total expense ratio is slightly lesser as compared to the regular plan as it does not include any commission charges. You end up getting slightly more units as compared to a Regular plan.

However, whichever mutual fund you choose to invest online, always remember to do proper research before investing.

Closed Ended Mutual Fund vs. Open Ended Mutual Funds vs ETF

Open ended mutual funds are mutual funds where your investments are not subjected to any lock-in. They are liquid and can be redeemed any time. They may be subjected to an exit load depending on which category they belong to. These types of mutual funds may or may not be listed on the exchange. They are more popular among the investors as compared to closed ended mutual funds.

Closed-ended Mutual Fund:

As the name suggests, closed-ended mutual funds are funds that are subjected to a lock-in period or a fixed maturity period.. Closed-ended funds can be bought or sold real-time just like any additional stock on an exchange. However, one key difference between closed-ended mutual fund vs. open-ended mutual fund is that in Closed-ended Fund once you invest, you cannot redeem your money back unless the lock-in period is over.. The lock-in negates the possibility of an impulsive decision during times of unstable market conditions. A steady AUM helps fund managers to take prudent investment decisions. Closed-ended mutual fundsare mandatorily required to be listed on the exchange but you can invest without a DEMAT account too.

Investors with a long-term investment horizon who do not need the invested money during that horizon can look at investing in closed-ended funds.

ETFs:

Exchange-traded funds are investment vehicles that invest in a basket of securities. These funds are open-ended. You can buy and sell them on the markets just like stocks. They are not available over-the-counter which means you will need a DEMAT account to invest in them. ETFs mirror or replicate the performance of a particular index.

ETFs are managed passively & actively. ETFs generally have lower expense ratios than those charged by actively managed funds.

Investing in more than one ETF could lead to duplication or over-diversification. An ETF tracking the NIFTY 50 and an ETF that tracks technology or IT companies may have many overlaps if the underlying stocks are common.

What are the major benefits of banking & financial mobile apps?

Indeed, even before the Coronavirus pandemic, on the web and mobile banking were the most famous approaches to bank. Presently it’s fundamental to have the option to direct a few errands distantly, like banking, rather than visiting an actual area. Thus, if you are new to mobile banking, odds are you can take in something from this glance at the advantages of mobile banking. Continue to peruse to benefit from your mobile financial experience!

For the financial business, this implies use innovation services like mobile applications. Peruse on and find how you can profit by mobile apps if you are in the financial business.

Significant advantages of mobile apps in banking area are recorded here:

Improved user experience

If you need to upgrade your user’ banking & financal experience, mobile apps make a common-sense arrangement. With mobile banking, your clients can get to their records every minute of every day.

Accordingly, you can in a flash satisfy their requirements. Customers like right now fulfilment readily available, particularly in the present frequently bustling world.

Also, mobile banking permits you to customize the user experience, setting up trust and trust in your establishment. By examining accessible information on your clients’ inclinations and conduct, you can give an exceptional encounter to every client.

This remarkable experience permits your clients to completely control and augment your administrations. From checking their records to moving cash, portable banking can give your clients a definitive accommodation they’re searching for.

Upgraded Security

If you are dealing with a bank, you realize very well that security is an essential worry for clients. As you manage their accounts, you should keep your clients’ data free from any glitch.

While on the web and mobile banking both accompany their own dangers, mobile financial makes a safer alternative than its online partner. This is basically because of extra security from an additional equipment.

Retina sweeps, fingerprints, and motion designs are security arrangements you can use for mobile banking on top of two-factor verification and conventional passwords. Likewise, most monetary organizations use encryption for security and data insurance, making ready for effortless mobile banking.

User maintenance

In-app and pop-up messages permit you to educate your user about their expanded credit limits and other significant offers you may have. Banks that offer this alternative build up an upper hand.

Directed warnings likewise help advance the user experience, improving customer maintenance. Accordingly, you may see improvement in your mobile application evaluations.

Profitability and proficiency

AI, also called machine learning, alludes to activities done by devices without human intercession. Chatbots, machine investigation, calculations, and normal language handling are instances of AI.

With the assistance of AI for mobile banking, you can send customized warnings to your customer dependent on their inclinations, area, and buy history. In addition, chatbots can send redid proposals and offers, permitting you to save money on costs.

Since innovation would already be able to do every one of these things, your staff can zero in additional on their key functionalities. Accordingly, your labor force can help their profitability and proficiency rates.

Cost Saving

Portable banking can likewise assist you with getting a charge out of cost reserve funds. Since it permits you to go paperless, you get a good deal on printing and conveyance.

Besides, you at this point don’t have to recruit extra workers to perform undertakings your mobile application can do. You can likewise save money on operational expenses from looking after branches.

Conclusion

Mobile app development services suppliers can help you launch a mobile application for your monetary establishment. A specialist in the field of custom turn of events and IT, a top banking and finance app development company can let assist you with procuring results from your mobile app business.

ESG Mutual Funds gain traction in India

Several Asset Management Companies (AMCs) have launched ESG Mutual Funds in India. ESG Mutual Funds invest in businesses that are responsible. Ever since its launch in India, the MSCI India ESG Leaders index has not only outperformed the MSCI India Equity index1 but has also mitigated downside risk better. The ESG mutual funds’ performance was well evident during Covid-19 induced market volatility. ESG investing though a popular concept globally has huge potential in emerging markets like India.

ESG as a concept has evolved to a point where it is no longer just a luxury but has become a necessity in the present-day scenario. The objective of an ESG mutual fund is to build wealth to fulfill investor’s financial goals by investing in stocks that meet the ESG parameters.

The non-financial parameters of ESG mutual funds have a material impact on the company’s future performance. ESG mutual funds do not look solely at profit but also considers the impact on the planet (environment) and people (social) as equally important too. It helps investors evaluate the level of preparedness among companies to control the material risks that can impact the business over the long term. ESG mutual funds use a structured approach of assessing the sustainability of companies by identifying the potential risks that could have a lasting impact on the company’s valuation.

As more and more investors choose to invest responsibly, they realize that ESG is not a just check-the-box desk research. The challenge is the lack of quality data and the standardization of quantification of non-financial data. Investors should not limit the research of identifying such companies by looking at self-declared company disclosures. They should be cognizant of greenwashing, where the company claims to be ESG compliant but it is not, to capitalize on the opportunity of labeling themselves as ‘ESG-oriented.’

The second challenge is to increase awareness among investors that ESG mutual funds are a holistic way of assessing the sustainability of businesses. It is the understanding that responsibility and profitability go hand-in-hand.

1 MSCI Indexes supplied by MSCI Inc, and MSCI ESG Indexes supplied by MSCI ESG Research Inc, a subsidiary of MSCI Inc

Can liquid funds can be considered as emergency funds

The liquid fund investments are subject to minimum 7 day’s exit load on a graded basis, and as the name suggests, some liquid funds with insta redemption facility allow redemption up to 50, 000/- credited instantly to your bank account. This liquidity feature makes liquid funds as one of the options to consider along with parking your money in bank deposits.

Liquid funds are generally less volatile and have relatively lower risks as compared to equity mutual funds. Due to their short duration,liquid funds returns are subject to lower interest rate risk and thereby less prone to volatility. Even though returns received from Liquid funds are not guaranteed as compared to fixed deposits, but they are less risky than equity funds.

Investors look at the liquid funds to invest to create an emergency fund as they are liquid. Ideally, they are designed for investors with a 3-month investment horizon. Since the central bank RBI has maintained a low-interest rate environment to revive the economy from the pandemic-induced economic deceleration, returns from liquid funds are muted . Nevertheless, due to their liquidity and relative safety of underlying investments, they are a good option to consider among mutual funds to create an emergency corpus. Depending on their liabilities, investors can consider parking an emergency corpus equivalent to 1 to 12 months of monthly expenses.

Since liquid funds have a short duration of not exceeding 91 days, this prevents the fund’s NAV from getting impacted significantly as the interest rate fluctuations are minimal. The returns or gains made from liquid funds are subject to taxation. Due to their short-term holding period, the gains are subject to short-term capital gains (STCG) tax depending on the investor’s income tax bracket.

Liquid funds are an option to consider parking your idle money.